Guyana’s Foreign Affairs Minister, Carl Greenidge on Saturday insisted that Venezuela and Guyana would have to accept the ruling by the International Court of Justice (ICJ) or face sanctions by the United Nations (UN) if it is violated.
“Once a matter goes before the Court and the UN’s Court has taken a decision, no member State of the UN can buck that decision because if they buck that decision, the UN Secretary General can be called upon to have either the General Assembly or the Security Council take action against the State,” Greenidge told Demerara Waves Online News.
The Foreign Minister, one day after Venezuela rejected Guyana’s filing of its case to that UN Court, added that if the ICJ takes a decision and it is breached, “there is a whole range of options” available to those top UN decision-making bodies.
Greenidge noted that in other parts of the world, countries that sought to violate ICJ rulings had eventually backed down and abide by those decisions.
The Guyanese Foreign Minister reiterated his country’s position after Venezuela on Friday rejected the possibility of a “judicial settlement” being brokered at the ICJ over its border controversy with Guyana.
“Resorting to a judicial settlement to settle the dispute is unacceptable, sterile and inapplicable,” Venezuela’s Foreign Ministry warned in a statement after Guyana formally asked the ICJ to resolve the decades-old conflict.
The UN Secretary General, Antonio Guterres on January 30, 2018 referred the controversy to The Hague-based World Court after heightened mediation throughout 2017 failed to bring about a resolution.
After 51 years of mediation provided for in the 1966 Geneva Agreement between Venezuela and the United Kingdom before then British Guiana was granted independence by the latter country, Guyana has grown tired of mediation and has since successfully called for the matter to be sent to the ICJ.
The Ministry of Foreign Affairs indicated that Guyana is banking on the fact that Venezuela had for several decades recognised the award and boundary.
“In its application to the Court, Guyana highlighted that Venezuela had, for more than 60 years consistently recognized and respected the validity and binding force of the 1899 Award and the 1905 Map agreed by both sides in furtherance of the Award”.
However, Guyana notes that Venezuela changed its mind in 1962 as Britain was preparing to grant independence.
“Venezuela had only changed its position formally in 1962 as the United Kingdom was making final preparations for the independence of British Guiana and ad threatened not to recognize the new State, or its boundaries, unless the United Kingdom agreed to set aside the 1899 Award and cede to Venezuela all of the territory west of the Essequibo River, amounting to some two-thirds of Guyana’s territory,” the Foreign Ministry here said.
The Foreign Ministry added that Venezuela has never produced any evidence to substantiate its belated repudiation of the 1899 Award, that country has used it as an excuse to occupy territory awarded to Guyana in 1899, to inhibit Guyana’s economic development and to violate Guyana’s sovereignty and sovereign rights.