The Electoral Observation Mission (EOM) of the Organization of American States (OAS), led by Senator Lisa Shoman from Belize, congratulates the citizens of the Cooperative Republic of Guyana for their participation in the electoral process reflected by the high percentage of voter turnout. The OAS/EOM team of 22 observers from 13 countries was present from the opening of the polls up to the counting of the votes in all 10 regions of the country, visiting a total of 379 polling stations during Election Day.
The Mission recognizes the significant improvements made by the Guyana Elections Commission (GECOM) since 2011 to plan and prepare for the 2015 electoral process, specifically in the areas of transparency, logistics and inclusiveness of political parties in the process. The Observation Mission highlights the extraordinary commitment of presiding officers, returning officers, poll clerks, party agents and security officials in the exercise of their duties and commends voters for their determination to fulfill their civic responsibility, despite in some cases waiting in long lines.
The Mission expresses its concern over the reported incidents of violence in some areas, which temporarily affected the planned progress of the tabulation exercise
With the purpose of strengthening the electoral system in Guyana, and based on the observations and information gathered by direct observations of the OAS team, as well as in meetings with a wide range of stakeholders, the Electoral Observation Mission would like to offer the following preliminary findings.
1. While the process of transmitting results in Guyana contains safeguards to reinforce the accuracy of the electoral outcome, the manual nature of the process is inherently time-consuming. Given the particular geographical and logistical challenges of Guyanese elections, the Mission encourages GECOM to consider implementing a system of issuing preliminary results for national elections. The use of technology might serve to diffuse tension and avoid incidents of violence on election night.
2. The Mission heard from a wide variety of stakeholders that access to State Media was not provided to all political parties on an equal basis. We recommend that consideration be given to regulation that promotes equitable access to all contenders of the electoral process. At the same time, the Mission wishes to recognize the work of the Media Monitoring Unit in highlighting the disparity in coverage by media on the political campaign.
3. The OAS /EOM laments the tone of the political debate leading up to Election Day and urges all political parties to build a constructive dialogue based on programmatic actions that benefit the Guyanese people and avoid aggressive personal disqualifications.
4. Guyana benefits from a house-to-house voter verification exercise conducted in the presence of party scrutinizers as well as from the pre-electoral claims and objections process. However,
during both the preliminary mission and the days before the elections, the OAS/EOM heard from a wide range of stakeholders concerns related to a 20% increase in the number of voters. The Mission observed the lack of a timely procedure for cleansing and updating the voter registry.
5. With regard to political financing, the OAS/EOM observed that while a legal framework already exists, there is the clear need to revise and modernize aspects of the law which are obsolete and which allows violations and non-compliance with few sanctions. Additionally, in order to promote equity in the electoral process, the Mission recommends the consideration of some form of state funding for political parties.
6. The Mission observed the significant presence of women throughout the electoral process as poll workers, party agents and candidates. Guyana is the only country in the Anglophone Caribbean with a gender quota, which requires that candidate lists be composed of at least 33% of women, on both the national top-up and geographic levels. The Mission commends GECOM’s effective enforcement of this quota during the pre-electoral period. As we await the final electoral results, the OAS/EOM calls on all political parties to respect that percentage established in the actual allocation of the seats.
7. In order to avoid long lines of electors waiting to cast their vote, the Mission recommends the introduction of a standardized process that will allow verification of electors to enable the verification of at least one or two additional voters while one voter is casting his/her ballot. Additionally, the Mission recommends the consideration of special measures in order to facilitate the access of disabled and the elderly to polling stations.
The Mission reiterates to the political parties and citizens of Guyana that the only official source of election results is GECOM. The EOM/OAS urges all stakeholders to respect the will of the Guyanese people by waiting until the tabulation process has finished and the results are declared by GECOM after which the newly elected authorities will be sworn in.The OAS/EOM will remain in Guyana to follow on the results and will inform accordingly. The OAS Mission takes this opportunity to thank the Government of Guyana for the invitation to observe this process and to the Guyanese people for their warm welcome to their country. In addition, the EOM thanks the governments of Canada, Chile, Italy, United Kingdom, United States and Spain for their contributions that made this mission possible
The Chief of Mission, designated by Secretary General José Miguel Insulza, will present a more detailed report on the observations and recommendations of the OAS Electoral Observation Mission shortly to the OAS Permanent Council in Washington, D.C.